Glossary

Positions

Kamaete: Starting position
Anza: Sitting position
Hikite: Movement with a shout (Kiai)
Seiza: Kneeling position
Naore: Return to starting position

Commands

Yamei: Stop
Yoi: Ready
Kumite: Fight
Rei: Salute
Mawate: Turn
Migi: Right

Ranks

Hanshi: Grand Master
Dan: Black belt qualification level
Karateka: Karate practitioner
Kohai: Junior student
Senpai: Senior student; Black belt karateka
Sensei: Teacher in charge of the dojo
Shihan: Master
Shodan: First Dan
Nida: Second Dan
Sanda: Third Dan
Yondan: Fourth Dan

Terms

Dogi: Karate uniform (also called Gi)
Dojo: Martial arts school/room
Otagai: Student
Ibuki: Breathing technique
Karate: Martial arts with feet and hands
Kata: Imaginary fight
Kiai: Shout to concentrate power
Kihon Waza: Basic techniques
Tatami: Training mat
Hajime: Start
Hidari: Left
Obi: Belt
Kyu: Qualification level
Mokuso: Meditation

Numbers

Ichi: 1
Ni: 2
San: 3
Chi (Yon): 4
Go: 5
Roku: 6
Sishi: 7
Hachi: 8
Ku: 9
Ju: 10
Niju: 20
Sanju: 30
Yonju: 40
Goju: 50
Kyaku: 100